The Republic of Georgia is located in the Caucasus region, which is a mountainous country nestled between the Black Sea and the Caspian sea. Its strategic location, rich soil and Mediterranean climate have made it the target of invasions and annexations through the centuries, including about 70 years as one of the republics of the Soviet Union. However, its culture - and its indigenous Orthodox Church - have remained distinctive. Georgia's language is unique too, and very hard for non-Georgians to learn.
Georgia escaped the industrialization that characterized the Soviet era, and its countryside is exceptionally beautiful. Vineyards produce wine, which is one of Georgia's top exports.
Mark IV Harvest believes that Georgia is strategic in God's eyes. Should Russia choose to intervene in the Middle East, Georgia would be the pathway for Russia's army. Indeed, in 2008, a Russian incursion as far as Gori (not far from Tbilisi) reminded the world that Georgia's independence is fragile. Recent events in the Ukraine have underlined this.
The BBC has a detailed profile page on Georgia.